Reguladores de crecimiento vegetal en horticultura: prácticas y perspectivas

João Paulo Tadeu Dias

Resumen


Los reguladores del crecimiento de las plantas (PGR) modulan el crecimiento y el desarrollo de las plantas y median las respuestas a los estreses bióticos y abióticos. Este documento pretende exponer, reflexionar y debatir sobre el uso práctico de los PGR en horticultura y sus perspectivas. Los PGR se utilizan comercialmente en la agricultura. Además, en el cultivo de tejidos vegetales es práctica tradicional y tienen importancia relevante. El enfoque de la aplicación de PGRs en horticultura muestra buenos resultados. Sin embargo, necesita más estudios, discusiones sobre el tema, lo que lleva a concluir que su uso en plantas hortícolas puede ser un desafío para todos los que actúan en el área, con ventajas prácticas y perspectivas favorables para el uso futuro.

 

Palabras clave: desarrollo, hormonas, fisiología vegetal, vegetales


Palabras clave


desarrollo, hormonas, fisiología vegetal, vegetales

Texto completo:

HTML (English) PDF (English)

Referencias


Ahuja I, Kissen R, Bones AM (2012) Phytoalexins in defense against pathogens. Trends in plant science 17(2): 73-90; doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2011.11.002

Alam I, Sharmin SA, Naher K, Alam J, Anisuzzaman M, Alam MF (2010) Effect of Growth Regulators on Meristem Culture and Plantlet Establishment in Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas L Lam.). Plant Omics 3(2): 35

Alcázar R, Altabella T, Marco F, Bortolotti C, Reymond M, Koncz C, Tiburcio AF (2010) Polyamines: molecules with regulatory functions in plant abiotic stress tolerance. Planta 231(6): 1237-1249; doi: 10.1007/s00425-010-1130-0

Alizadeh M, Singh SK, Patel VB (2012) Comparative performance of in vitro multiplication in four grape (Vitis spp.) rootstock genotypes. International Journal of Plant Production 4(1): 41-50; doi: 10.22069/IJPP.2012.680

Bhat ZA, Rashid R, Bhat JA (2011) Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Leaf Number, Leaf Area and Leaf Dry Matter in Grape. Not Sci Biol 3(1):87-90

Bangerth KF (2009) Floral induction in mature, perennial angiosperm fruit trees: similarities and discrepancies with annual-biennial plants and the involvement of plant hormones. Scientia Horticulturae 122(2): 153-163; doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2009.06.014

Bari R, Jones JD (2009) Role of plant hormones in plant defence responses. Plant molecular biology 69(4): 473-488; doi: 10.1007/s11103-008-9435-0

Behera KK, Sahoo S (2009) Rapid in vitro micropropagation of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L. cv Nayana) through callus culture. Nature and science 7(4): 1-10

Bergstrand KJI (2017) Methods for growth regulation of greenhouse produced ornamental pot-and bedding plants–a current review. Folia Horticulturae 29(1): 63-74; doi: 10.1515/fhort-2017-0007

Chiwocha SD, Dixon KW, Flematti GR, Ghisalberti EL, Merritt DJ, Nelson DC, Riseborough JAM, Smith SM, Stevens JC (2009) Karrikins: a new family of plant growth regulators in smoke. Plant science 177(4): 252-256; doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2009.06.007

Choudhury S, Islam N, Sarkar MD, Ali M A (2013) Growth and yield of summer tomato as influenced by plant growth regulators. International Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 5(1): 25-28; doi: 10.5829/idosi.ijsa.2013.05.01.317

Costa LD, Malnoy M, Gribaudo I (2017) Breeding next generation tree fruits: technical and legal challenges. Horticulture Research 4: 17067; doi: 10.1038/hortres.2017.67

Cothren JT, Oosterhuis D (2010) Use of Growth Regulators in Cotton Production. In: Stewart JM, Oosterhuis DM, Heitholt JJ, Mauney JR (eds). Physiology of Cotton, pp. 289-303. Springer, Dordrecht; doi: 10.1007/978-90-481-3195-2_26

Davies PJ (2010) The Plant Hormones: Their Nature, Occurrence, and Functions. In: Davies PJ (eds). Plant Hormones, pp. 1-15. Springer, Dordrecht; doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-2686-7_1

Dharmasiri S, Jayaweera T, Dharmasiri N (2013) Plant hormone signalling: current perspectives on perception and mechanisms of action. Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences) 42(1): 1-17; doi: 10.4038/cjsbs.v42i1.5895

Elaleem KGA, Modawi RS, Khalafalla MM (2009) Effect of plant growth regulators on callus induction and plant regeneration in tuber segment culture of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivar Diamant. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(11): 2529-2534

Fahad S, Hussain S, Saud S, Khan F, Hassan S, Nasim W, Arif M, Wang F, Huang J (2016) Exogenously applied plant growth regulators affect heat‐stressed rice pollens. Journal of agronomy and crop science 202(2): 139-150; doi: 10.1111/jac.12148

Fresco LO (2009) Challenges for food system adaptation today and tomorrow. Environmental science & policy 12(4): 378-385; doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2008.11.001

Garcia R, Pacheco G, Falcão E, Borges G, Mansur E (2011) Influence of type of explant, plant growth regulators, salt composition of basal medium, and light on callogenesis and regeneration in Passiflora suberosa L. (Passifloraceae). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC) 106(1): 47-54; doi: 10.1007/s11240-010-9892-4

Guedi M, Sasias G, Chesne C (2011) Tratado Práctico de Horticultura. Ed Omega, Madrid; ISBN: 978-84-282-1561-9

Gupta G, Parihar SS, Ahirwar NK, Snehi SK, Singh V (2015) Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR): Current and Future Prospects for Development of Sustainable Agriculture. J Microb Biochem Technol 7: 096-102; doi: 10.4172/1948-5948.1000188

Hartmann A, Senning M, Hedden P, Sonnewald U, Sonnewald S (2011) Reactivation of meristem activity and sprout growth in potato tubers require both cytokinin and gibberellin. Plant physiology 155(2): 776-796; doi: 10.1104/pp.110.168252

Hilli JS, Vyakarnahal BS, Biradar DP, Ravi H (2010) Effect of growth regulators and stages of spray on growth, fruit set and seed yield of ridgegourd (Luffa acutangula L. Roxb). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 23(2): 239-242

Idowu PE, Ibitoye DO, Ademoyegun OT (2009) Tissue culture as a plant production technique for horticultural crops. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(16): 3782-3788

Khalid S, Malik AU, Khan AS, Jamil A (2012) Influence of exogenous applications of plant growth regulators on fruit quality of young 'kinnow' mandarin (Citrus nobilis × C. deliciosa) trees. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 14(2)4: 229–234

Latif F, Ullah F, Mehmood S, Khattak A, Khan AU, Khan S, Husain I (2016) Effects of salicylic acid on growth and accumulation of phenolics in Zea mays L. under drought stress. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B—Soil & Plant Science 66(4): 325-332; doi: 10.1080/09064710.2015.1117133

Marín IC, Loef I, Bartetzko L, Searle I, Coupland G, Stitt M, Osuna D (2011) Nitrate regulates floral induction in Arabidopsis, acting independently of light, gibberellin and autonomous pathways. Planta 233(3): 539-552; doi: 10.1007/s00425-010-1316-5

McSteen P (2009) Hormonal regulation of branching in grasses. Plant Physiology 149(1): 46-55; doi: 10.1104/pp.108.129056

Meijón M, Rodríguez R, Cañal MJ, Feito I (2009) Improvement of compactness and floral quality in azalea by means of application of plant growth regulators. Scientia Horticulturae 119(2): 169-176; doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2008.07.023

Mohebodini M, Mokhtar JJ, Mahboudi F, Alizadeh H (2011) Effects of genotype, explant age and growth regulators on callus induction and direct shoot regeneration of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science 5(1): 92-95

Ouzounidou G, Giannakoula A, Asfi M, Ilias I (2011) Differential responses of onion and garlic against plant growth regulators. Pak J Bot 43(4): 2051-2057

Peleg Z, Blumwald E (2011) Hormone balance and abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Current opinion in plant biology 14(3): 290-295; doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2011.02.001

Perera PI, Vidhanaarachchi VRM, Gunathilake TR, Yakandawala DMD, Hocher V, Verdeil JL, Weerakoon LK (2009) Effect of plant growth regulators on ovary culture of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC) 99(1): 73-81; doi: 10.1007/s11240-009-9577-z

Pieterse CM, Leon-Reyes A, VanderEnt S, VanWees SC (2009) Networking by small-molecule hormones in plant immunity. Nature chemical biology 5(5): 308-316; doi: 10.1038/nchembio.164

Rademacher W (2015) Plant growth regulators: backgrounds and uses in plant production. Journal of plant growth regulation 34(4): 845-872; doi: 10.1007/s00344-015-9541-6

Ravanfar SA, Aziz MA, Kadir MA, Rashid AA, Sirchi MHT (2009) Plant regeneration of Brassica oleracea subsp. italica (Broccoli) cv Green Marvel as affected by plant growth regulators. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(11): 2523-2528

Rivas-San Vicente M, Plasencia J (2011) Salicylic acid beyond defence: its role in plant growth and development. Journal of experimental botany 62(10): 3321-3338; doi: 10.1093/jxb/err031

Sajid GM, Kaukab M, Ahmad Z (2009) Foliar application of plant growth regulators (PGRs) and nutrients for improvement of lily flowers. Pak J Bot 41(1): 233-237

Santner A, Calderon-Villalobos LIA, Estelle M (2009) Plant hormones are versatile chemical regulators of plant growth. Nature chemical biology 5(5): 301-307; doi: 10.1038/nchembio.165

Shekoofa A, Emam Y (2008) Effects of nitrogen fertilization and plant growth regulators (PGRs) on yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cv. Shiraz. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 10: 101-108

Shirzad S, Arooie H, Azizi M (2012) Influence of plant growth regulators (PGRs) and planting method on growth and yield in oil pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo var. styriaca). Notulae Scientia Biologicae 4(2): 101-107; doi: 10.15835/nsb427566

Simon S, Petrášek J (2011) Why plants need more than one type of auxin. Plant Science 180(3): 454-460; doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2010.12.007

Šimura J, Antoniadi I, Široká J, Tarkowská D, Strnad M, Ljung K, Novák O (2018) Plant Hormonomics: Multiple Phytohormone Profiling by Targeted Metabolomics. Plant Physiology 177: 476-489; doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00293

Sivasakhti S, Usharani G, Saranraj P (2014) Biocontrol potentiality of plant growth promoting bacteria (pgpr)- Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus subtilis: a review. African journal of agricultural research 9: 1265-1277

Spartz AK, Gray WM (2008) Plant hormone receptors: new perceptions. Genes & development 22(16): 2139-2148; doi: 10.1101/gad.1693208

Taiz l, Zeiger E (2010) Plant Physiology. Sinauer Associates, Inc Sunderland; ISBN: 978-0-87893-866-7

Tang D, Wang Y, Cai J, Zhao R (2009) Effects of exogenous application of plant growth regulators on the development of ovule and subsequent embryo rescue of stenospermic grape (Vitis vinifera L.). Scientia horticulturae 120(1): 51-57; doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2008.09.018

Tiwari DK, Pandey P, Giri SP, Dwivedi JL (2011) Effect of GA3 and other plant growth regulators on hybrid rice seed production. Asian journal of plant sciences 10(2): 133-139; doi: 10.3923/ajps.2011.133.139

Uddain J, Hossain KA, Mostafa MG, Rahman MJ (2009) Effect of different plant growth regulators on growth and yield of tomato. International Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 1(3): 58-63

Ullah F, Bano A, Nosheen A (2012) Effects of plant growth regulators on growth and oil quality of canola (Brassica napus L.) under drought stress. Pak J Bot 44(6): 1873-1880

Verma P, Yadav AN, Kumar V, Singh DP, Saxena AK (2017) Beneficial Plant-Microbes Interactions: Biodiversity of Microbes from Diverse Extreme Environments and Its Impact for Crop Improvement. In: Dhananjaya P, Singh H, Bahadur S, Ratna P (eds). Plant-Microbe Interactions in Agro-Ecological Perspectives, pp. 543-580. Springer, Singapore; doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-6593-4_22

Verma V, Ravindran P, Kumar PP (2016) Plant hormone-mediated regulation of stress responses. BMC plant biology 16(1): 86; doi: 10.1186/s12870-016-0771-y

Wilkie JD, Sedgley M, Olesen T (2008) Regulation of floral initiation in horticultural trees. Journal of experimental botany 59(12): 3215-3228; doi: 10.1093/jxb/ern188

Xue J, Wang S, You X, Dong J, Han L, Liu F (2011) Multi‐residue determination of plant growth regulators in apples and tomatoes by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 25(21): 3289-3297; doi: 10.1002/rcm.5225

Yadav AN, Verma P, Singh B, Chauhan VS, Suman A, Saxena AK (2017) Plant growth promoting bacteria: biodiversity and multifunctional attributes for sustainable agriculture. Adv Biotechnol Microbiol 5(5): 1-16; doi: 10.19080/AIBM.2017.05.555671

Yamaguchi Y, Huffaker A (2011) Endogenous peptide elicitors in higher plants. Current opinion in plant biology 14(4): 351-357; doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2011.05.001




Copyright (c) 2019 Biotecnología Vegetal

Biotecnología Vegetal eISSN 2074-8647, RNPS: 2154. ISSN 1609-1841, RNPS: 0397 Editada por: Instituto de Biotecnología de las Plantas. Universidad Central Marta Abreu de Las Villas. Carretera a Camajuaní km 5.5, Santa Clara, Villa Clara, Cuba CP 54 830 Tel: 53 42200124, e-mail: info@ibp.co.cu

Licencia Creative Commons
Biotecnología Vegetal
está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional.