Efecto del tiempo de inoculación en la eficiencia de la transformación mediada por Agrobacterium de Musa cv. ‘Grande naine’ (AAA)

Mairenys Concepción-Hernández, Maritza Reyes, Mayelín Rodríguez, Rafael Gómez-Kosky, Borys Chong-Pérez


El incremento en el tiempo de inoculación durante la transformación mediada por Agrobacterium ha mostrado que aumenta la eficiencia de la transformación en varias especies de plantas. En este trabajo se determinó el efecto del tiempo de inoculación en combinación con la adición de espermidina (Spd) en la eficiencia de la transformación genética mediada por Agrobacterium tumefaciens del cv. ‘Grande naine’ (Musa AAA). Las suspensiones celulares embriogénicas de banano fueron inoculadas con la cepa bacteriana EHA 105 que contiene el vector binario pFAJ3000. Se compararon seis condiciones de inoculación (6 h, 6 h+Spd, 12 h, 12 h+Spd, 24 h, 24 h+Spd) en cuanto a la expresión transitoria GUS y el número de colonias embriogénicas formadas. Además, se analizaron fragmentos de hojas de 24 plántulas regeneradas para la presencia y expresión de los transgenes. Consecuentemente, las muestras por 24 h con 1 mM de espermidina mostraron la mayor eficiencia de transformación, expresada en número de puntos azules y colonias regeneradas después de la selección. En este trabajo se muestra por primera vez que el aumento del tiempo de inoculación en combinación con el uso de espermidina incrementa la eficiencia de la transformación genética mediada por Agrobacterium en el cultivar ‘Grande naine’ de banano. 


Palabras clave: banano, β-glucuronidasa, genotipo, suspensiones celulares embriogénicas, PCR

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